Table of Contents
Introduction 2
1.0 Concept of ethical issue 2
1.1 Reframe the ethical questions 2
1.2 Literature practice 3
Importance of ethical standards 3
Environmental Ethics 4
2.0 Background of professional discipline in order to give the response of ethical question 4
3.0 Professional and personal responses 5
4.0 Position of a person by determining ethical theories and ethical principles 6
5.0 Articulation of own professional and personal position with ethical challenges 7
Conclusion 8
Reference list 9
Appendices 11

The development of an ethical program and position is required to measure the different reaction of an individual with respect to ethical principles. A link between moral behaviour and moral values has a relatively long-intrigued of social integration. This paper is aimed to discuss in details about the ethical position of two individual by which disability support program can improve a relationship along with the client’s family. Furthermore, this paper is also focused on analysing professional as well as personal positions in order to analyse potential ethical challenges of professional discipline if environmental practices in a reflective manner.
1.0 Concept of an ethical issue
Ethical issue can be considered as a branch of the philosophy which involves defending, systemising as well as recommending a concept of wrong and right conduct. Moreover, ethical issue seeks to the resolve of ethical questions concerning of human morality by understanding vice and virtue and so on. As commented by Kelly and Byrne (2018), moral and ethical issues are precisely associated with daily lives from the perspective of both professional and personal point of view. On the other hand, I would like to evaluate that individual moral values are significantly associated with an ethical principle, rights, aesthetics values, desires and so on. Pease et al. (2017) have been narrated that in order to classify the learning disability, the ethical position and principle is played a crucial role for each and every individual. In other words, for determining of an ethical issue, it is majorly required to understand that disability support program can be considered as a social construction. Nonetheless, Epstein (2018) has been asserted that this type of social, ethical construction is an appropriate idea which seems to be a natural as well as visible to every individual.
On the other hand, an ethical issue of disability support program is fundamentally affiliated with dignity, rights of an individual to confidentiality, self determination and privacy. Therefore, from that perspective, I can observe that most of the psychologist is being aware of as well as respect for every individual culture, role differences. It includes gender identity, ethnicity, age, race, and religion, national origin, disability, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status and much more (Kelly and Byrne 2018).
1.1 Reframe the ethical questions
• Can a disability support program improve a relationship along with their client’s family?
• Are the environmental ethics affected to ethical principles in order to provide sustainable working condition?
• What should be the challenges of professional environmental practices in order to build a healthy relationship?
• Is the social norm influenced by this disability support program to promote an ethical and quality lifestyle?
1.2 Literature practice
A concept of ethical positional approach is the most critical assessment for improvement of individual lifestyle. Mietola et al. (2016) have been mentioned that in order to provide an appropriate and suitable working environment, there must have a requirement to implement an accelerated development association. It is expressively initiated to train their people for performing a relatively more integrated function within intermediate care. Therefore, based on this development program, I could be realised that support workers are significantly improved in social as well as healthcare services, skills, knowledge, job satisfaction and so on. So that, by implementing this improvement method, there must have a viable career pathway in order to support this development program
Importance of ethical standards
By analysing this overall discussion, it is quite clear that ethical principle has been very beneficial for improving the industrial facility more effectively and efficiently. Furthermore, a support program for disabled people is needed to develop overall infrastructure in order to enable a sustained training session as well as foundation degree to their workers. On the contrary, Noval and Stahl (2017) have been stated that organisational leaders are fundamentally responsible for improving ethical standards by which each and every staff and individual will require to adhere to. In addition, as refer to Christopoulos et al. (2017), there are several numbers of ethical standards which includes Utilitarian, rights, Fairness and virtue [refer to appendix 2].
According to this ethical standard, there must have a proper social and environmental ethics which can be dealt with by social practitioners and consequences. So that, by dealing with practitioners, it is quite possible to implement a best and quality ethical approach (Noval and Stahl, 2017).
Human rights
The rights approach is another essential assessment of this ethical standard. It is needed to respect and protect the morals and rights of a disabled individual who can be influenced by an ethical decision. Nonetheless, the environmental and social intent is to be treated with dignity and relatively fairly (Christopoulos et al. 2017).
The ethical fairness should be incorporated to equal treatment to each and every individual and also help to provide person-centred care and services regardless of position.
The virtue approach is required to maintain by these ethical standards which are significantly employed with courage, honesty, tolerance, compassion and so on.

Figure 1: Principles of ethical standards
(Source: Created by author)
Environmental Ethics
In order to align with this concept, it is required to understand that environmental ethics can be defined as a discipline in the philosophy which studies moral relationship, value status. According to Fox and Bird (2017), this type of environmental principles is helped to cover the challenges of environmental ethics which are mostly associated with human-centeredness. This prospect is having a significant connection to social ecology, deep ecology to the politics (Linehan and O’Brien, 2017).
2.0 Background of professional discipline in order to give a response to an ethical question
For this assessment, I would like to invite two separate individual, person A and person B from the professional discipline background of environmental practice. Nonetheless, for making an alignment with ethical principles, both of our responders are likely to use some major ethical codes and ethical principles. As suggested by Linehan and O’Brien (2017), ethical codes are initiated to help the professional as well as personal conduct with proper integrity. Furthermore, a code of ethics is also required to outline organisational value and mission that how professionals should be acted to approach problems. Therefore, they focus on those ethical principles which are mainly based on organisational standards and core value.
In order to respond to an above mentioned ethical question, it can be observed that majority of ethical theories are said to be a rule-based principle that focuses on individual responsibility, duties and actions. On the other hand, it can be better described as a right based approach or duty-based ethical approach that is significantly incorporated to justify the moral obligations. However, they have primarily focused on Compliance oriented ethical code; value-based ethical code, code of the ethics amongst professionals (Naidoo et al. 2018).
Compliance oriented, ethical code or principle
This type of compliance code is significantly affiliated to law-related issues including safety and hiring standards. Furthermore, these ethical principles are considered to be a clear-cut regulation and rules in order to monitor individual and personal behaviour (Sulmasy and Mueller 2017).
Value-based code of an ethics
As asserted by Byrum (2017), value-based ethical codes are considered to be core values ethical system. It helps to outline a standard of the response based on environmental practices. On the other hand, it is required to increase a degree of the self-regulation process.
Professional code of ethics
The professional code of ethics is employed to the legal requirement of an organisation which regulated by the security system (refer to appendix 1). Our individuals of environmental practices are majorly focused on ethical standards which involve objectivity, integrity, avoidance of the conflicts to interest, truthfulness and so on (Congress, 2017).

Figure 2: Ethical codes
(Source: Created by author)
3.0 Professional and personal responses
As mentioned by Cousineau et al. (2018), professional as well as personal ethical approaches are required to maintain an appropriate ethical behaviour which further depends on moral codes, rules imposed by the community system. However, according to a response of person A of environment practice, disability support program is very beneficial for their individual as it helps to increase self-esteem, self-confidence by providing then a dignity. On the other hand, as per the points of view person B, it is also helpful to improve their relationship to provides person-centred care facility. However, from the perspective of professional points of view, the environmental ethics are majorly affected to sustainable working condition as well as cultural sustainability. This type of environmental ethics can be considered to be a branch of a philosophy which describes a range of conceptual foundations concerning environmental value. Furthermore, from the personal viewpoints, Person B would like to analyse this issue as surrounded by societal actions, attitude and the policies for protecting as well as sustaining working environment (Sulmasy and Mueller, 2017).
On the other hand, Person A is recommended from his personal view is that in order to provide a healthy and robust relationship, professional environmental practices are confronted with several numbers of challenging factors. It is fundamentally associated to continuously changing the environment, maintain of a quality base health care services and facility. At the same time, it is also confronted with various types of social norms and regulation which is significantly affected by the disability support program (Curtis et al. 2017). However, according to person B of this professional discipline, the prospect of ethical norms and principle should be followed the value-based ethical code and professional ethical principle as it is needed to segregate human rights, self-motivational assessment, dignity and much more.
4.0 Position of a person by determining ethical theories and ethical principles
In order to determine a relevant ethical principle, identification of person’s position is entirely necessary to address. They are majorly committed to protecting their creation by empowering disabled people in a society. Therefore, they commit to urging the international community, civil society for providing appropriate care services to those needy people (Laaser et al. 2017). According to Person A and B, it can be analysed that development support program is precisely related to the improvement of relationship along with their client’s family. From that perspective, they are mostly focused on an individual care pot person-centred care facility by maintaining their dignity, respect, confidentiality and much more. Furthermore, interpretations of the ethical questions are being centred on ethical grounds and principles which help to provide a relative normative judgement. They are responsible for guiding our way of thinking by delivering an essential assessment for the identifying how we must react when any ethical practices arise (Laaser et al. 2017).
Contemporary environmental, ethical approach and traditional ethical model
Majority of the environmental ethicists precisely tried to make a distance from anthropocentrism embedded within a traditional view. According to a professional individual of person A, it can find that the environmental traditional ethical approaches lead to maintain an intrinsic value, a good nation, an appropriate action and much more. Furthermore, in order to align with their responses, they are majorly focused on several types of ethical principles. It includes deontological ethical principle, individualistic approach and much more. In the opinion of Curtis et al. (2017), deontological ethical principle helps to maintain actions or rights in an independent manner. On the other hand, there is a significant distinction in between traditional approach which has been characterised by its own specific feature for development in environmental philosophy. On the other hand, according to their points of view, it is quite clear that there is also having a different concept of the intrinsic value. According to Sulmasy and Mueller (2017), one side of intrinsic value is associated with a state of the affairs that is majorly focused on the Consequentialist thinker. On another side of an intrinsic value of environmental, ethical practice, there are values of the entities. Therefore, by analysing this argumentative discussion, I can be observed that different foci of intrinsic value are helped to provide a fundamental argument in between Consequentialist and deontologists to modify the concept of disability support program (Curtis et al. 2017).
5.0 Articulation of own professional and personal position with ethical challenges
By analysing this overall discussion, it can be observed that disability support program in order to improve interrelationship along with their clients and healthcare provider is confronted a different number of challenging factor. I could have realised that it is highly related to ethical standards and maintaining integrity in ethical principle. An ethical code is significantly helped to deliver guidance which is further referred to support system for the provision of quality based services. Nonetheless, maintaining of high ethical integrity as well as legal standards are needed a commitment from their agencies by which all of the mentions ethical codes and principles are said to be accepted from both professional and personal perspective.
However, in order to articulate an individual position, on ethical conduct leads to maintain several types of environmental and social principle. As commented by Linehan and O’Brien (2017), it is significantly associated to service delivery, human resource management system, conflicts of the interest, professional responsibility and contractual relationship, community relation and much more. Delivery of a quality base health care facility is considered as first responsibility and first priority for achieving individual needs and desires. After that, I have learned that the centre for the disability service seeks their consumer inputs while making the decision regarding the human resource. It helps to analyse their consumer preferences from both personal as well as professional perspective. On the other hand, their staff members have been appointed to such responsibility for managing and eliminate the conflicts of interest. Therefore, it helps to improve their internet connection and relationship as well as communication level. By implementing an effective and efficient communication system, it employs to provide a healthy and significant working condition. At the same time, profession responsibility leads to incorporate to the high standard service system, cohesive panel approach, and positive organisational atmosphere as well. It involved respecting their rights, views by treating them along with fairness, good faith, courtesy without making any discrimination. Therefore, from these points of views, it can be summarised that the environmental and social ethical approach is significantly segregate to value-based ethical code and professional code of ethics.
This paper is premised on a holistic discussion of ethical practices and an ethical norm that helps to improve disability support program by providing a quality-based health care services. By analysing this overall discussion, it is quite obvious that determination of professional as well as personal responses is considered to be the most critical assessment that helps to understand the relevance of ethical discipline code. Therefore, in order to align to this ethical question, this paper is a highlight on the prospect of an ethical issue, ethical principle and professional and personal position by analysing different types of ethical theory. In addition, professional and personal ethics are employed to human actions and human conduct by examining an authoritative norm. On the other hand, the decision-making system base on the ethical perspective is overarching a number of principles that are required to implement in health care services. In this way, this paper is presented a brief discussion in the context of ethical positioning paper.

Reference list
Epstein, M.J., 2018. Making sustainability work: Best practices in managing and measuring corporate social, environmental and economic impacts. Abingdon: Routledge.
Kelly, B. and Byrne, B. eds., 2018. Valuing Disabled Children and Young People: Research, policy, and practice. Abingdon: Routledge.
Pease, B., Vreugdenhil, A. and Stanford, S. eds., 2017. Critical Ethics of Care in Social Work: Transforming the Politics and Practices of Caring. Abingdon: Routledge.
Byrum, K., 2017. The European right to be forgotten: A challenge to the United States Constitution’s First Amendment and to professional public relations ethics. Public Relations Review, 43(1), pp.102-111.
Christopoulos, G.I., Liu, X.X. and Hong, Y.Y., 2017. Toward an understanding of dynamic moral decision making: Model-free and model-based learning. Journal of Business Ethics, 144(4), pp.699-715.
Congress, E.P., 2017. What social workers should know about ethics: Understanding and resolving practice dilemmas. Social Work Ethics, 25(18). p.1909.
Cousineau, L.S., Mock, S.E. and Glover, T.D., 2018. Camper self-concept promotes environmental awareness: A relationship mediated by social inclusion. Journal of Youth Development, 13(1-2), pp.144-160.
Fox, A. and Bird, T., 2017. The challenge to professionals of using social media: teachers in England negotiating personal-professional identities. Education and Information Technologies, 22(2), pp.647-675.
Linehan, C. and O’Brien, E., 2017. From tell-tale signs to irreconcilable struggles: The value of emotion in exploring the ethical dilemmas of human resource professionals. Journal of business ethics, 141(4), pp.763-777.
Mietola, R., Miettinen, S. and Vehmas, S., 2017. Voiceless subjects? Research ethics and persons with profound intellectual disabilities. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 20(3), pp.263-274.
Naidoo, D., Govender, P., Stead, M., Mohangi, U., Zulu, F. and Mbele, M., 2018. Occupational therapy students’ use of social media for professional practice. African Journal of Health Professions Education, 10(2), pp.101-105.
Noval, L.J. and Stahl, G.K., 2017. Accounting for prescriptive and prescriptive morality in the workplace: The double-edged sword effect of mood on managerial ethical decision making. Journal of Business Ethics, 142(3), pp.589-602.
Online articles
Curtis, M.B., Vinson, J.M., Conover, T.L., Lucianetti, L. and Battista, V., 2017. National culture and ethical judgment: A social contract approach to the contrast of ethical decision making by accounting professionals and students from the US and Italy. Journal of International Accounting Research, 16(2), pp.103-120. Available from <> [Accessed on 30th July 2018]
Laaser, U., Schröder-Bäck, P., Eliakimu, E. and Czabanowska, K., 2017. A code of ethical conduct for the public health profession. South Eastern European Journal of Public Health, 9. Available from <> [Accessed on 30th July 2018]
Sulmasy, L.S. and Mueller, P.S., 2017. Ethics and the legalization of physician-assisted suicide: an American College of Physicians position paper. Annals of internal medicine, 167(8), pp.576-578. Available from <> [Accessed on 30th July 2018]

Appendix 1: Professional conduct


Appendix 2: Ethical intention and practices


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