Table of Contents
1. The system of liberal democracy in Australia 3
2. Merits and demerits of the system for the citizen’s wellbeing 4
3. Freedom and rights of liberal democracy 5
Reference list 7
Every country in the world practices various kinds of democratic systems. The liberal democratic system is one of the most effective democratic systems, as it allows freedom of expression. Australia practices liberal democratic system for ensuring a smooth democratic system in the country. The democratic system of Australia offers a stable government for the wellbeing of the citizen. There are certain limitations that liberal democratic system provides. The multi-tier system of the country is causing problems such as accountability and transparency on the part of a government.
1. The system of liberal democracy in Australia
Democracy is considered as a system in the government that allows people of the country to choose their ruler through election. In a system of democracy, the people of the nation decide the representative and form a governing body. The liberal democracy includes equality before law, pluralism, human rights and civil rights. As recommended by Foa & Mounk (2017), to make a democracy success, it is crucial to include civil society in the system of liberal democracy. The meaning of liberal is a willingness of somebody to respect an opposite view. Thus, in order to implement a liberal democracy in Australia, the people of the country must respect n liberty of the people. The citizen of the state should have basic senses of respecting opposite views. As Australia is representative of liberal democracy, the political system there carries out the task of governing the country. The values of Australian country include Freedom in process of election and freedom of being elected. The democratic system of the country guarantees that everybody has a right to vote without any fear and manipulation and every citizen has equality in voting right. The system further ensures that every citizen of the country can take part in election process can stand in election. The other basic rights of this democracy include freedom of religious beliefs, expression and speech.
As suggested by Diamond (2015), Australian liberal democracy makes sure that there is liberty of political participation and also freedom in assembling. The author further stressed the fact that maintaining law and order is basic principle of the democracy. In Australia, the government has made increased focus on maintaining rules and order in the country. The basic principles of the Australian democracy are that the elected government is responsible for the well-being of the citizen of the country. According to Raffass (2016), the Australian democracy is similar to Westminster system of the government. The parliament of the country consists of two elected chambers. The one chamber is house of the representative and the other one is senate. The upper house or the Senate has total 76 senators and the lower house has 150 members. The liberal democratic system of Australia consists of two political parties and there are also many minor parties. The major political parties of the country are liberal party and labor party (Prato, 2016). In case, any major political party cannot get the majority, they form coalition for forming government. The state, parliament and commonwealth are elected by people of the country. General elections in the country are conducted every three years in the country. House of the representative members is chosen after every three years. On the other hand, senators of the house are elected for every six-year term.
2. Merits and demerits of the system for the citizen’s wellbeing
The advantage of the Australian parliamentary system included fixed-term for representation of people of the country. The political system of the country offers political certainty for a period of time. According to Bowler et al., (2017), if there are frequent changes in the government, it would create a political uncertainty in the country. If a country faces political uncertainty within certain time, it will lead to economic uncertainty in the country. Thus, it is crucial to ensure that political system of the country remains stable. The Australian liberal democracy ensures that it has a stable political system for a certain period of time. If the government of country stays in power for a long time, it will be helpful for the government to implement policies for certain period of times. The parliament of the country makes sure that planning ensures a smooth operation of country’s rules and order. As recommended by Norris (2017), the Australian democratic system allows the small political parties to take part in the election process and also help them in making effective campaign. The principle benefits of the fixed-term of government are opportunity for an existing political system from gaining political advantage by implementing people-friendly policies. The rate of legitimate electoral votes also can be increased by introduction of the fixed-term system for political parties.
The disadvantages of the Australian political system include expensive and longer election campaign for political parties. As the political system of Australia is based on two parties, the minor political parties sometimes cannot make ineffective representation and hegemony of two political systems usually exists. Three-tier political system of Australia leads to contradictory or overlapping of policies of the government policies. It further creates duplication of the government policies in the country. The liberal democracy of the country also creates competition and rivalry among political parties and can be harmful for people of the country. As recommended by Taub (2016), liberalism democratic system might harm democratic system of the country, as multiple-tiers in the structure of government could decrease transparency and accountability of the government system. The complicated system of the government tends to pass the accountability and every authority refuses to take responsibilities and accountabilities for any misdeed on the part of government. It may appear that liberal democratic system in Australia might not be totally appropriate, but there are no alternative present to the liberalism democracy of Australia. One of the major disadvantages of the liberal democratic system is influence of mob.
The Australian citizen would tend to vote for a party that is supported by majority. In liberal democracy, the domination of majoritavrianian is one of the most negative aspects. Sometimes majority opinions might not be good for country, but citizen of the country is with view of harmful opinion. The representative democracy in Australia is represented by elected leaders. Thus, decisions are taken by leaders only and citizen has no voice in this decision-making policies. As a result, policies of the government sometimes do not represent grievances and issues of citizen. People in the power may indulge in corrupt practices and can exploit resources of country. At the time of authority, the political leadership might make undue political advantages.
3. Freedom and rights of liberal democracy
The liberal democracy of Australia allows citizen to express their opinion without fear and hesitation. Every citizen has right to the vote irrespective of gender, property ownership or race. Australian constitution is the supreme authority and it is the final law of Australia. The constitution ensures that relations among states remain in very good position. Every citizen of Australia can protest against any decision of the government. People of the country have right to go and live anywhere in the country. According to Stoker & Hay (2017), every people in the country are equal to the rule of law and people are not treated on the basis of religion, caste or language.
Capital punishment in Australia has been banned and people are jailed for committing crime. The Australian constitution offers full right to citizen of country, although there is certain limitation on freedom of expression. The limitations include content of the parliament, defamation and racial vilification (Henry, 2015). The Australian government has signed a lot of a lot of conventions and treaties in regard to human rights in the country. In order to minimise discrimination against people disabled citizen of the country, the legislators of the country has brought a number of laws. The disabled persons have been given a lot of relaxation in terms of education, employment and accommodations. Section 80 of the Australian constitution ensures the right of trial for offenses that are intractable (Melleuish, 2015). The voting right of the citizen is guaranteed by section 41 of the constitution. Section 117 makes prohibition of discrimination based on residence of states. The liberal democracy of Australia offers freedom in political communication on various political matters. Court of the country gives impartial and independent judgement. Legislature of Australia is not influenced by executives or the government.
It can be finally concluded that liberal democratic system is most suitable for ruling any country in the world. Liberal democratic system in Australia ensures equality and basic rights for citizen of the country. The upper house is senate and lower house is house of the representative. Although the political system of Australia is vibrant, there is certain limitation such as multi-tier system can be obstacles for well-being of the country. The limitations include corruption and lack of accountability. Right and freedom of the political system of the country ensures that people are not treated on the basis of race, caste or religion. Political system of the country is stable and it has two houses of parliament.
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