Executive Summary
This report provides a brief idea about Aboriginal people, who has to go through different types of problematic situations. These people have to go through many changes in their life. All social impact and their culture have discussed in this portion. These people belong from different types of back ground all are mentioned in this report. Their languages and nations are mentioned. Different types of community, which helps them to cooperate to make interaction, are also discussed. According to provided case study it has been mentioned that how these people interact with each other. Their Self-determination, languages, health and family structures all are mentioned in this project. This project provides entire knowledge about these people, who lived in Aboriginal areas from past decades. The last portion of this project describes about “Code of Ethics” in Aboriginal community.

Table of Contents

Task 1 Historical family impact in Aboriginal 4
Task 2 Reflection and connection 5
Task 3 Evaluation of cultural safety 6
Reference list 8
Appendices 10

Task 1 Historical family impact in Aboriginal
Frequently changes in government policies and different types of problematic situations were not capable of changing the people’s past living styles in Aboriginal and Island of Torres Strait area. These people had to go through many resettlement policies to be habitant of this area. Many people and women had to change their place frequently. These types of changes have a great impact on their regular life.
a) Family structure
Aboriginal family structure is based upon a cohesive environment. These people used to stay with huge numbers of family members in their house. Most of the Aboriginal people come from a joint family. These family members provide emotional and mental support to other family members (Price and Rogers, 2019). This type of traditional family structure helps them to live happily.
b) Health and wellbeing
Aboriginal people were suffering from different types of health issues. Due to poor income and unhealthy lifestyle, these people are suffering from different types of diseases. Lack of proper family planning and knowledge, these people are going through poor health status. According to previous research, all Indigenous people declare their health issues near about 15%, from 1995 to 1999 (Butten et al. 2019). Many Commonwealth hospital and healthcare provides enough facilities to these poor people. These people also get many pharmaceutical advantages from healthcare centre in Australia. Based on the previous census report, almost $ 255 million have been spent in 2003 for these unhealthy and poor people. Ecotech recognizes that $ 570 million dollars were spent in 2004, to provide a healthy life to these people.
c) Self-determination
Self-determination is a type of “governmental right” for these people who live in an Aboriginal area. Self-determination seems like the collective right of these people. These people tend to determine their social, economic and cultural development to live a healthy life. They require self-determination to get the honor of an existing machine. Many Government sectors of Australia and a group of people have done a great job to provide the rights to these people (D’Aprano et al. 2016). This collective right provides them to be treated as a separate nation.
d) Loss of culture/ language/ land/ kinship
Aboriginal people spent most of the time to improve their social, economic and traditional culture. Through these people had to go through different types of changes, they maintained their culture for their empowerment (Dobia and Roffey, 2017). These people used to go through regular teaching, translating and learning the procedure to develop their culture. These people used their traditional language to get an effective platform to develop their traditional culture (files.eric.ed.gov, 2015).
According to “Australian Indigenous Languages Collection”, which is maintained by a famous organization, AIATSIS has recognized that in Aboriginal art, people use different types of languages. Generally, they use a traditional language, which helped them to communicate with all people properly. From the very early, these people were intended to learn their traditional language properly, which would be helpful for them to update their social, economic and traditional culture in an accurate manner. These people have a tendency to communicate in different government sectors by using their first language (Leonard et al. 2018).
Indigenous people had a tendency to occupy a huge number of areas in Australia. They occupied this workplace for near about 65,000 years. These people have an internal relationship with land or soil. These people respect their land, which is more than normal mineral, rock and soil. These lands have helped these people to construct a culture, and it also helps to eradicate all issues. These people thought this land have some spiritual effect of improving their lifestyle.
These people prefer to stay with their family members, which helps them to provide mental and emotional support to restrict any types of bad situations. These people generally used to stay with mother, father, uncle and cousins for getting mental and emotional support from their family members. These people have sympathy and affection or each other. According to these people, kinship helps them to improve their traditional value, and there is a cohesive environment in their house. This traditional culture and their language helped them to get employment in their life. Due to a lack of economic growth, traditional culture and traditional language, these people involve themselves in different types of activities for getting their identity through employment criteria.

Figure1: Impact on Aboriginal people
(Source: Self Created)

Task 2 Reflection and connection

  1. According to provide a case study, as an “Early childhood educator”, of an area, there are it has been noticed that there are different types of people from Aboriginal. These people come from different types of backgrounds. In this education service centre, all aged children come to improve their education in a systematic way. Different aged children from 6 weeks to 6 years come for educational purposes. These people have different types of languages, according to their nation or culture. In South Wales, people speak a variety of languages like “Koori, Murri and Koori”. These people have completely different types of culture from Queensland people. In Queensland, these people also prefer to use some different languages like Murri. In Tasmania, people use to call koori as “Palawa”. It is completely different from Western Australia and South Australian people. Most f the Aboriginal people lived in Queensland, South Australia, Victora, Northern Territory and Tasmania. All people who come from these particular use “koori”, “Palwa”, “Yolgnu”, “Anangu” and “Murri”. As an Early childhood service of education, it has been recognized some different locality’s people also come to this centre to improve their education. These people generally come from Bundjalung, Eora, Dharawal, Wiradjuri and Gomer. All Aboriginal people and all those people come from Torres Stairs had the tendency to call these different locality’s people as Mob. In the education service also these people come from the educational purpose (ro.ecu.edu.au, 2015).
  2. A member of the education centre it has been seen that all members get different types of community services to maintain their traditional culture. All those factors, which they get from Aboriginal families are
    ● Community members’ involvement to make and execute an effective plan for the betterment of these people’s culture.
    ● Making proper communication with different background’s people helps to identify the desired needs (aitsl.edu.au, 2019).
    ● It also helps to use the entire network system to motivate more people. [Referred to Appendix 1]
    Aboriginal or Torres people
    ● “National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organization”
    NACCHO, government sector provides all aboriginal people to make awareness about health facilities to restrict all health issues.
    ● “National Indigenous Australian Agency”
    Member of this centre generally works with different types of Australian government sectors for making different policies and health-related programs.
    Oceania community services
    ● OESF, one of the most famous community services, which is available in Oceania to maintain the entire ecosystem by arranging non-government and consulting services.
    ● IUCN is another community service which is very popular in Oceania to maintain the entire ecosystem.
    3a) Name of the community is “Aboriginal land council”.
    Some traditional languages, which are used by all Aboriginal people, are
    ● Ngarrindjeri
    ● Pitjantjatjara
    ● Adnyamathanha
    In Aboriginal culture, there are many people who are still using “Pitjantjatjara” language to communicate with each other.
    According to the Dreaming stories of these people, they generally prefer to gather knowledge, tradition, laws and cultural values. This dreamtime is referred to celebrate different types of ceremonies, songs and body painting. These are types of rituals. In this dream, it generally conveys the present, past and future (Sibthorpe et al. 2017).
    Their dream time story is quite different from different religious people. As an educator of the early childhood sector, t would not be possible to know about this type of rituals.
    b) As an educator, it is necessary to communicate all children who come to this centre for educational purposes. These people have quite similarities in their languages. In South Australia, people generally use “Noongar language”; this language would help to make communicate perfectly.
    c) Contact: “SuPerlon (07) 1111 2222”

Task 3 Evaluation of cultural safety

  1. According to the provided case study, some important information about this family is
    ● Wini is not comfortable with making interaction with other people in a completely new place.
    ● Wini liked to call her sister and brother as Mob. And she has an intention to play with Anglo babies, who have a white skin color.
  2. According to the given scenario, this appointed staff called other children as Mob. It does not show any type of respect for this culture. Staff called all Wini’s cousin as a mob.
  3. Based on the provided scenario, it is necessary to speak in the first language, which is officially registered as the first language in Aboriginal or Torres Strait.
    The other way, which needs to keep in mind before calling them as Mob? It does not show any respect to those people who come from different areas of Aboriginal or Torres Strait.
  4. According to this case study, that specific statement which maintains the “Code of Ethics” is that the staff intended to correct Wini when she used to call other angle babies as Mob (Llewellyn et al. 2018). Those children are not from the Aboriginal background, so it is not the right way to call these children as Mob.
  5. According to the provided case study, all those people who came in that room to play with other children, all of those children were from different backgrounds and different languages. Wini was not comfortable to interact with other children.
  6. There are different types of ways to adopt, which would help this Aboriginal family to interact with each other.

● This family needs to use the local language, which would be useful to communicate.
● This Aboriginal family could take help from the local community, which would be helpful to eradicate these types of issues.

  1. Two benefits of care service are
    ● Aboriginal backgrounder people who work as an employee in the care service centre, it was helpful to communicate with the children from Aboriginal. It also helps to make interaction with the employees.
    ● On more advantages of the Aboriginal educator is it helps to collaborate with those people, who came from completely different backgrounds.
  2. Other educators of Aboriginal Island, it generally helps to make collaboration with different government sectors, which help to create awareness about different types of government policies.

    Reference list
    Price, K. and Rogers, J. eds., 2019. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education. Australia: Cambridge University Press.
    Butten, K., Johnson, N.W., Hall, K.K., Anderson, J., Toombs, M., King, N. and O’Grady, K.F., 2019. Risk factors for oral health in young, urban, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Australian dental journal, 64(1), pp.72-81.
    D’Aprano, A., Silburn, S., Johnston, V., Robinson, G., Oberklaid, F. and Squires, J., 2016. Adaptation of the ages and stages questionnaire for remote aboriginal Australia. Qualitative health research, 26(5), pp.613-625.
    Dobia, B. and Roffey, S., 2017. Respect for Culture—Social and Emotional Learning with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth. In Social and Emotional Learning in Australia and the Asia-Pacific (pp. 313-334). Springer, Singapore.
    Leonard, D., Buettner, P., Thompson, F., Makrides, M. and McDermott, R., 2018. Linking ‘data silos’ to investigate anaemia among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mothers and children in Far North Queensland. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 42(5), pp.456-462.
    Llewellyn, L.L., Boon, H.J. and Lewthwaite, B.E., 2018. Effective Behaviour Management Strategies for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students: A Literature Review. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 43(1), pp.1-27.
    Sibthorpe, B., Agostino, J., Coates, H., Weeks, S., Lehmann, D., Wood, M., Lannigan, F. and McAullay, D., 2017. Indicators for continuous quality improvement for otitis media in primary health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 23(1), pp.1-9.
    Online Articles
    ro.ecu.edu.au, (2015), Effective Teaching Practices for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Students: A Review of the Literature , Available at: https://ro.ecu.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://scholar.google.co.in/&httpsredir=1&article=2813&context=ajte (Accessed on: 31.08.2019)
    files.eric.ed.gov , (2015), A profile of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander higher education student population Available at: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1073611.pdf (Accessed on: 31.08.2019)
    aitsl.edu.au , (2019), Educational child and health care Available at: https://www.aitsl.edu.au/deliver-ite-programs/aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-education (Accessed on: 31.08.2019)

    Appendix1: Types of dreamtime

(Source: https://taicarmen.files.wordpress.com/2014/04/pics-5762.jpg)

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